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Title: A Simplified Mathematical Formulation for Water Quality Index (WQI): A Case Study in the Kelani River Basin, Sri Lanka
Authors: Meddage, D. P. P
Azamathulla, H
Pandey, M
Rathnayake, U
Makumbura, R. K
Keywords: Kelani River
simplified mathematical model
spatiotemporal variation
water quality index (WQI)
Issue Date: 23-Apr-2022
Publisher: Fluids
Citation: Makumbura, Randika & Meddage, D. P. P. & Azamathulla, Hazi & Pandey, Manish & Rathnayake, Upaka. (2022). A Simplified Mathematical Formulation for Water Quality Index (WQI): A Case Study in the Kelani River Basin, Sri Lanka. Fluids. 7. 1-12. 10.3390/fluids7050147.
Series/Report no.: Fluids;7(147):1-12
Abstract: Surface water quality is degraded due to industrialization; however, it is one of the widely used sources for water supply systems worldwide. Thus, the polluted water creates significant issues for the health of the end users. However, poor attention and concern can be identified on this important issue in most developing countries, including Sri Lanka. The Kelani River in Sri Lanka is the heart of the water supply of the whole Colombo area and has the water intake for drinking purposes near an industrialized zone (Biyagama). Therefore, this study intends to analyze the effect of industrialization on surface water quality variation of the Kelani River basin in Sri Lanka in terms of the water quality index (WQI). We proposed a regression model to predict the WQI using the water quality parameters. Nine water quality parameters, including pH, total phosphate, electric conductivity, biochemical oxygen demand, temperature, nitrates, dissolved oxygen, chemical oxygen demand, and chlorine evaluated the Kelani River water quality. The proposed regression model was used to examine the water quality of samples obtained at twelve locations from January 2005 to December 2012. The highest WQI values were found in Raggahawatte Ela throughout the 8 years, located near the Biyagama industrial zone. The relationship of industries to water quality in the Kelani River is stated. The surface water quality gradually decreased as a result of development and industrialized activities. Therefore, this work showcases and recommends the importance of introducing necessary actions and considerations for future water management systems.
ISSN: 2311-5521
Appears in Collections:Department of Civil Engineering
Research Papers - SLIIT Staff Publications

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