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Title: Entrance zone effect on the sediment trapping efficiency in desilting tanks of run-of-river type mini-hydropower plants
Authors: Rathnayake, U. S
Harishchandra, M. R. T. S
Weerakoon, S. B
Keywords: Entrance Zone
Sediment Trapping Efficiency
Desilting Tanks
Run-of-River Type
Mini-Hydropower Plants
Issue Date: 30-Nov-2007
Publisher: The University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
Series/Report no.: Proceedings of the Peradeniya University Research Sessions. Sri Lanka.;VoU2. Part II
Abstract: Development of run-of-river type minihydropower plants is receiving increased attention in Sri Lanka at present owing to the incentives announced for developers of renewable power generation projects during the last decade by the Sri Lankan government. The sources for most of the run-of-river type mini hydropower plants are mountainous streams where the discharges experience significant seasonal variation with frequent flash floods. The catchments of these streams are generally steep and face an increasing trend of soil erosion due to cultivation and other human activities. Therefore, the stream flows carry high sediment loads during seasonal floods. This sediment-laden flow enters the headrace canals feeding water to the turbines of the rninhydropower plants. Sediment in the water passing through the turbines with high velocity erode the contact surfaces of turbine components. The erosion of turbine components leads to a drop in hydraulic efficiency and to a high maintenance cost of the turbines. Removal of sand carried with the flow in the headrace canals of run-of-river mini hydropower plants is therefore an important issue for the developers to reduce the maintenance cost of the turbines (Singal and Ranendra, 2006). Introduction of a de-silting tank in series with the headrace canal is one of the commonly used techniques for this purpose. De-silting tanks are designed as settling basins to settle sediment greater than a targeted size (Janssen, 2004). The shape and the size of the de-silting tank are major factors affecting the sand trapping efficiency of the desilting tank. Several empirical and semiempirical relations for the efficiency of …
URI: http://localhost:80/handle/123456789/896
Appears in Collections:Research Papers - Department of Civil Engineering
Research Papers - Open Access Research
Research Papers - SLIIT Staff Publications

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