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Title: Topological structure of manufacturing industry supply chain networks
Authors: Perera, S. S
Bell, M. G. H
Piraveenan, M
Kasthurirathna, D
Parhi, M
Keywords: Topological Structure
Manufacturing Industry
Supply Chain Networks
Issue Date: 3-Oct-2018
Publisher: Hindawi
Series/Report no.: Complexity;Vol 2018
Abstract: Empirical analyses of supply chain networks (SCNs) in extant literature have been rare due to scarcity of data. As a result, theoretical research have relied on arbitrary growth models to generate network topologies supposedly representative of real-world SCNs. Our study is aimed at filling the above gap by systematically analysing a set of manufacturing sector SCNs to establish their topological characteristics. In particular, we compare the differences in topologies of undirected contractual relationships (UCR) and directed material flow (DMF) SCNs. The DMF SCNs are different from the typical UCR SCNs since they are characterised by a strictly tiered and an acyclic structure which does not permit clustering. Additionally, we investigate the SCNs for any self-organized topological features. We find that most SCNs indicate disassortative mixing and power law distribution in terms of interfirm connections. Furthermore, compared to randomised ensembles, self-organized topological features were evident in some SCNs in the form of either overrepresented regimes of moderate betweenness firms or underrepresented regimes of low betweenness firms. Finally, we introduce a simple and intuitive method for estimating the robustness of DMF SCNs, considering the loss of demand due to firm disruptions. Our work could be used as a benchmark for any future analyses of SCNs.
ISSN: 1076-2787
Appears in Collections:Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering -Scopes
Research Papers - Dept of Computer Science and Software Engineering
Research Papers - Open Access Research
Research Papers - SLIIT Staff Publications

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